4a. Images before photography

The image before photography

  1. Prehistoric flute dates European pre-history to 42,000 years.

    Bison from Altamira cave, Spain.

  2. The story of the Altamira Cave.
  3. Finding Altamira — A feature film starring Antonio Banderas, about the cave paintings in Altamira.
  4. Paintings on cave walls in northwestern Spain are far older than previously thought — some of them more than 40,000 years old.
  5. Tumblr pages on Medieval illuminations.
  6. Currier & Ives prints  of everyday life in the 19th century.
  7. Magic lantern shows of Native Americans on the great plains.
  8. Hokusai and the wave that swept the world, BBC, Aug 2016.

Editorial Cartoons


    1. Fifteen historic cartoons that changed the world.  Buzzfeed article, May 2013. From a book by Victor Navasky, The Art of Controversy.
    2. Views of Ireland’s Potato Famine, including many articles and illustrations from English and Irish newspapers. The potato famine created an enormous wave of immigration to the US. in the 1840s.
    3. The Influencing Machine by Brooke Gladstone is a comic book history of the media.
    4. Classic editorial cartoons from the Chicago Tribune.
    5. Drawing Protest, 1525 – 1970. How protest was visualized through the centuries. Melton Prior Institute, Düsseldorf. (Excellent site)
    6. Editorial cartoons of Thomas Nast also The conviction of Boss Tweed –New York Times, Nov. 3, 1873
    7. More Nast cartoons about the election of 1872 and Horace Greeley
    8. Puck magazine cartoons from post-Civil War era politics.
    9. Anti-immigrant cartoon from Puck magazine.
    10. Political Cartoons in US history — (Library of Congress)
    11. Rise of the Image: fall of the word by Mitchell Stephens (Preface from the book)
    12. Why are political cartoons incendiary?  Victor Navasky, New York Times, Nov. 12, 2011.
    13. Cartooning and plagiarism, Washington Post, Dec. 6, 2011.  Also see this Island Press take on another plagiarmism case.
    14. Was Belle Starr the female Jesse James? (See 1886 engraving to the right)  Starr was an obscure figure for most of her life, but her story was picked up by the National Police Gazette and she rode into western legend.  Stuff you missed in history class podcast about Starr is worth checking out.
    15. Tintin, a 1930s – 60s cartoon series depicting an intrepid journalist and his dog, was the subject of a civil trial over hate speech in Belgium in 2010-12.  The courts decided that the cartoon was not an example of the kind of hate speech that was intended to create a hostile, degrading or humiliating environment for the kind of people it depicted. However, some of the cartoons, especially Tintin in the Congo, are clearly racist in nature. Also see this US Slave blog.
    16. The Opper Project – Using cartoons to teach American history  (Ohio State University )
    17. A brief history of political cartoons — (UVa)
    18.  “Ding” Darling  – American political cartoonist.
    19. Cartoons of the Velvet Revolution (Czech Republic, 1989)
    20. Book on Rube Goldberg cartoons published.
    21. Life in London — David Brewer (Ohio State) great essay on depictions of life in 18th & 19th century London  through  illustrations by William Hogarth and  Pierce Egan.   Prof. Brewer’s paper is entitled: “Romantic Fandom — The Moment of Tom and Jerry” (‘when fistycuffs were the fashion’)”.  
    22. Radical posters and editorial cartoons of the 19th and 20th century – Open Culture.
    23. An editorial or political cartoon uses imagery to make a comment on an existing political situation.   See this Wikipedia definition.
    24. Julian Bond’s 1967 comic book opposing the US war in Vietnam.   Bond was the civil rights activist who had to be elected three times in order for the George courts to tell the legislature to give him his elected seat.

Editorializing against the British slave trade in this print from the late 1700s.

  1. Editorial cartoon in Farm News drew the ire of big ag corporations and got the cartoonist fired in May, 2016.
  2. Cartoons reflect the dangers of giving women the vote!  UK, 1900 – 1920.