Media history resources
¶ The Media History Project was launched in Sept. 2011 as an online research site with especially good magazine and film archives.
¶ Chronicling America is a massive database of US publications organized by the Library of Congress. A great place to find and read the originals.
¶ Newspaper heroes on the air -- an excellent site organized by Bob Stepno that helps put the cultural impact of journalism into context.
¶ Domitor is an international organization devoted to cinema before 1915.
¶ American Journalism Historians Association is one of the groups working in media history.
¶ Center for Civil War photography puts rare visual treasures on display.
¶ The Story of Information a blog about how information changes daily life.
Radio time machine
Image: Photo & Cinema
Image: Advertising & PR
By Bill Kovarik
One of the more painful lessons of recent history involves the way money and politics can slant scientific information.
Take the curiously sudden abundance of fossil fuels. Where we once had imminent shortages, and the need to go to war to protect the lifeblood of the world’s economy, we now have an abundance of natural gas from fracking, heavy oil from Venezuela and unconventional oil from Canada’s tar sands. And much more to come from the Arctic and coasts of Africa.
How do we explain the sudden abundance of fossil fuels?
Internet censors — known in China’s censorship circumventing code as “river crabs” — will be out in full force over the next few weeks. People will be arrested, protests will be thwarted, and there may even be a few executions.
The mere mention of June 4, 1989 — sometimes called May 35th — brings on the censors and the police.
It is, of course, the 25th anniversary of the Tienanmen Square Massacre, when the army attacked peaceful protesters in Beijing.
An official death toll has never been released, although estimates range from hundreds to thousands. Nor has there been any accounting whatsoever of the dozens who were executed following secret trials for taking part in the peaceful protests.
By Bill Kovarik
(Reflections on the NY Times Innovation report, an internal investigation that should have begun more than a decade ago, and that, even today, barely scratches the surface).
In 1911, a young muckraking journalist named Will Irwin began a 14-part series in Colliers magazine called The American Newspaper. He profiled great editors, considered media ethics and described sensationalism and advertiser influence.
The American newspaper, he said, was “wonderfully able, wonderfully efficient, and wonderfully powerful (but) with real faults.”
The main fault was this:
It is the mouthpiece of an older stock. It lags behind the thought of its times. . . .To us of this younger generation, our daily press is speaking, for the most part, with a dead voice, because the supreme power resides in men of that older generation.
Of course, Irwin was writing for a magazine, which, during the muckraking era, was the medium that was actively circumventing newspapers and the AP-Western Union monopoly.
In the spirit of Will Irwin, I started visiting newsrooms to ask how they were coping with the new media about 15 years ago. I was working on textbook called “Web Design for Mass Media” published in 2001. Would the Web help the news business? Would it hurt? Most of all, was it (in the words of Henry David Thoreau) just an improved mean to an unimproved end?
What I found was intriguing, alarming and appalling. Continue reading
The New York Times ran a great column by Timothy Egan on May 8th comparing ultra-conservatives today to newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst in the 1940s.
For a time, the press lord William Randolph Hearst did everything in his vast powers to keep the film “Citizen Kane” from finding an audience. He intimidated theater owners, refused to let ads run in his newspapers, and even pressured studio sycophants to destroy the negative.
The point of Egan’s column was that the Koch brothers — those billionaire bozos — are pretty much trying the same thing with climate change, using their money
… to attack the indisputable science on climate change, to buy junk scholars, to promote harmful legislation at the state level, to go after clean, renewable energy like solar, and to try to kill the greatest expansion of health care in decades. Money can’t buy love, but it certainly can cause a lot of havoc.
But they have already lost the larger fight against progress and modernity, Egan says. Just as Hearst couldn’t hold down Citizen Kane, the Kochs cant hold down scientific facts and progressive ideas about renewable energy and health care. Continue reading
Reading Nikolai Gogol’s Dead Souls, the masterpiece of the famed Ukranian writer (1809 – 1852), I recently realized just how old and how unexplored the concept of interactivity in publishing really is.
Readers of Revolutions in Communication know, for instance, that Elizabeth Eisenstein found instances where map makers and scientific publishers asked readers with new information to correspond so that updates to gazettes and scientific journals could be incorporated in later editions. And many newspapers were produced with a fourth blank page that could be used to pass along family or community micro-news to other readers.
But I never came across anything quite like Gogol’s concept of interactivity in fiction: Continue reading
Coy Barefoot of Inside Charlottesville interviews the author about Revolutions in Communication on March 4, 2014.
It has often been observed that democracy is munted when there are fewer independent fact-gathering operations or avenues for a diversity of opinion — what we used to call journalism. The hope, for the past decade, is that some formula can be found to “monetize” journalism — to make money from it.
McChesney is a professor at the University of Illinois and one the nation’s leading and most thoughtful media critics. He’s the author of many other books such as Rich Media, Poor Democracy.
In Digital Disconnect notes with irony that the media saw the Internet effect coming for decades, and that for all its thrashing around with new apps and gadgets, trying to set up paywalls and link up with advertising, it has not solved the basic problem.
This video is an application for a iVersity-funded Massive Online Open Course (or MOOC) based on this book. Voting has ended and my proposal was not funded, but that is no great surprise or disappointment because there were some terrific courses being offered, and it was an honor to be seriously considered. Here’s the link to the MOOC fellowship courses. Thanks. Bill Kovarik.
( News item: National Security Agency monitoring online games. )
By Linda Burton
Hey did you catch that level 90 Hun-tard in guild flex? What a fricking noob! Why the hell didn’t the GM kick his ass? The dude face-pulled trash and wiped us twice! How he managed to have an ilvl high enough for SOO is unreal! Continue reading